Ch. four Pg. one
IV. THE PROFESSIONALS
Suffrage & Prohibition
he 1920s were marked by two laws thatmany social workers had worked diligently to pass: suffrage and prohibition. Both these reforms were thought to represent profound possibilities for changing society. Both suffrage and prohibition were a slice of a larger women's movement that counted social work as a significant enlistee. Prominent social work leaders such as Jane Addams, Lillian Wald, and Florence Kelly were almost as well known as suffragists as they were in the charity field. Many people, in and outside social work, believed that many heretofore perplexing social problems would, with the passage of these two laws, become more manageable.
In spite of these two major reforms, 1920s was socially and politically a conservative time. Cynicism about the Great War and anxiety engendered by the Red Scare that followed the Russian revolution dashed mainstream America's enthusiasm for improvement. It was as if the war, coupled with the attainment of a number of reforms, had exhausted the nation's appetite for reform. The 1920s were a period when many turned towards individual pursuits.
Racial tensions in the 1920s grew and organizations such as the Klu Klux Klan became more popular among white Americans.